The lost soul
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The myth of Lilith dates back to Sumer-Akkadian sources where, with various names (Enlil, Ninlil, etc.), all deriving from the root LIL, this female demon represented the evil spirit arousing voluptuousness. From there, it was transmitted to the Jewish tradition until it reverberated in the Greco-Roman world with the figures of Hecate and Proserpina, both bearers of a dark and destructive meaning, and Lamia, a spirit of the night who haunted the living.
In the Hebrew Bible, the word Lilith appears only once (Isaiah 34:14), but only in the Masoretic text; in translated Bibles, the term is usually rendered as “night spectre”.
In the Talmud, Lilith is the spirit or succubus who incites sexuality, so much so that man is forbidden to sleep alone because the demon can steal his semen to fertilise himself and give rise to other monsters. According to a Midrash (text intended to interpret religious matters), Adam had a wife before Eve. This interpretation arises from the contradiction between Genesis 1, where God created man and woman together – “… in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.” (Genesis 1:27) – and Genesis 2, where Adam comes before Eve – “And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and man became a living soul.” (Genesis 2:7). The text suggests that in the first creation something went wrong between Adam and his first wife because Adam tended to mistreat her. Consequently, God gave him a second wife, Eve, formed from a rib of Adam.
In Kabbalistic literature, Lilith is a cosmic power comparable to the evil counterpart of the Shekinah, the immanent presence of God: she is the shell (klippa) which obscures the divine light.
In the myth that brings together Adam, Eve and Lilith, a picture emerges which completes the symbolism of the Fall and its consequences. Alongside Eve, Adam is in a primordial state, an image of the alchemical marriage of the Two who are One – “Male and female created he them; and blessed them, and called their name Adam, in the day when they were created.” (Genesis 5:2).
Once the original sin is consummated, Adam loses control of his ‘soul’ part, which at that point becomes ‘shadow’, the unconscious side no longer integrated, devoid of light, which, like Lilith, incites and attracts the demons of the dark side.
It is challenging to clarify the real and apparent What is certain is that here the dual aspect of the feminine is highlighted – Lilith-Eve or Hecate-Demeter – which is no longer integrated into the coincidentia oppositorum and becomes a psychotic component of the personality, the abandonment of the complementary masculine-feminine nature in the human being.
From an astronomical point of view, it was decided to make the symbolism of Lilith (or Black Moon) coincide with the second focus of the lunar orbit. As an immaterial point – we could say an anti-Earth – it represents the fear of what is unknowable because it is invisible, forgotten, like our soul. In astrological interpretation, the Black Moon is the spontaneous power of sexual libido, not understood in a negative sense but as a psychic component that must be integrated with the rest of the personality; its placement for Houses and Aspects will indicate the area of life where one needs to address their unconscious fears.